Demand for electricity in South Sudan is vastly unmet in major cities and posed to expand in rural areas, where only 1% of the population is connected. A recent study conducted the PB Power in 2010 projects demand to grow to 1,400 MW by 2030. Demand for electricity in Juba is projected to be 94 mw by 2020 and 3004 mw by 2030. Additionally, commercial customers from mines, oil companies, manufacturers, hotel and other growth sectors are ready to pay for grid electricity rather than rely on self-generation by diesel generators.

Supply of electricity is currently constrained. Electricity is primarily generated by three government-run, independent distribution networks in South Sudan’s commercial centers, with capacities of 12 MW in Juba, 2 WN in Wau and 5 MW in Maladal. These isolated grid networks are powered by thermal generators, from diesel and heavy fuel oil (HFO). Additional, mini-grids are run be donors like USAID in smaller towns, with capacities of 1.2 MW in Yei, 0.8 MW in Kapoeta, and 0.8 MW in Maridi. Currently there is no interconnected transmission grid. In total, 22,000 customers are connected to these electricity sources.

Energy Overview